Illegal abortion in America now has a maximum jail term of 15 years, what is the law and punishment related to it in India

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Washington: The Supreme Court in the US on Friday reversed its 50-year-old decision on the constitutional right to abortion. (Right to Abortion) ended the. In ‘Row Vs Wade Ruling’, women were given the constitutional right to abortion, which has now been abolished by the Supreme Court of America. This decision of the court was strongly opposed in America. According to Wyon’s report, President Joe Biden has also called this Supreme Court decision a historic mistake and said that it will set the country back 150 years.

This decision regarding abortion in America led to discussion of rules regarding abortion in other countries as well. What specifically does the abortion law say in India? Abortion has been allowed in the country for the last 50 years under certain conditions.

Legal Provisions on Abortion in India

In India, if abortion is not done to save the life of the woman, then it is an offense under section 312 of the Indian Penal Code.

Under the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971, doctors are allowed to perform abortions under certain pre-determined conditions. If doctors follow these rules, then they cannot be prosecuted under section 312 of IPC.

Women do not have an unrestricted right to abortion under this law. In some special circumstances abortion is allowed on the basis of doctor’s advice.

Amendment in MPT Act

In 1971, the Parliament passed the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act. Changes were made in this law from time to time for safe and authorized abortion procedures for women. The abortion law was amended in 2002 to allow the use of the abortion drugs Mifepristone and Misoprostol.

All women can opt to terminate the pregnancy up to 20 weeks if the doctor recommends it. However, special categories of women such as victims of sexual abuse, minors, rape victims and women with disabilities can seek abortion up to 24 weeks.

If a medical board of specialist doctors decides that there is any disability or deformity in the unborn child, then there is no maximum pregnancy limit for abortion.

The PCPNDT (Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques) Act was passed in 1994 to prevent the misuse of the MTP Act and the incidence of illegal abortions.

US Abortion Law: Why did the US Supreme Court reverse its decision on abortion law?

A woman can have an abortion without the consent of her husband or spouse, she cannot be forced to have an abortion by her husband or spouse.

Now the provision of strict punishment in America

Arkansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma and South Dakota have banned abortions with immediate effect following the Supreme Court’s decision to overturn the Roe v. Wade decision. At least 13 states already have laws that forbid abortions altogether or will soon do so.

Except in cases of medical emergency, if abortion is performed, then in the US state of Missouri, those who do so can be sentenced to 5 to 15 years in prison.

Tags:, America, US President Joe Biden

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